08.02.2016 – “Der Klimawandel ist real und verursacht mehr Risiken als je zuvor” warnte unlängst Cecilia Reyes, Risikovorstand der Zurich. Laut World Economic Forum (WEF) sehen die Führungsmanager die Bedrohung eines Scheiterns in der Klimakonferenz als folgenschwerstes Ereignis für die Weltwirtschaft in den kommenden Jahren an. Auch auf der diesjährigen Münchner Sicherheitskonferenz spielt der Klimawandel laut Munich Security Report eine Rolle.
The Munich Security Report 2016 states:
“‘Climate change is an urgent and growing threat to our national security, contributing to increased natural disasters, refugee flows, and conflicts over basic resources like food and water,’ the 2015 US National Security Strategy proclaimed. In addition to the US, about 70 percent of nations worldwide explicitly qualify climate change as a national security concern. As a 2015 Pew survey revealed, climate change tops the list of issues that citizens around the world are ‘very concerned’ about (46 percent).
Climate change is a very particular kind of threat. For low-lying countries, it is an existential danger. To most societies, it is a threat multiplier: An increase in extreme meteorological events, droughts, and land degradation as well as the sea-level rise can and do exacerbate political fragility and resource disputes, increase economic hardship and mass migrations, and magnify ethnic tensions and civil strife. Economic costs have also been rising. Allianz, an insurance company, found that nine of the ten largest insured flood losses have occurred in the past 15 years. Losses from floods will further increase, especially in the fast-growing coastal cities of Asia. In 2005, the top ten cities exposed to coastal flooding were all in the US, the Netherlands, and Japan. In 2070, eight of the top ten are projected to be in Asia.
The landmark climate deal signed in Paris in December 2015, a big achievement of French diplomacy, reflects a shared global sense of urgency – and represents a major shift in approaching big issues. ‘The new kind of global governance that the Paris agreement exemplifies, which substitutes rolling processes for fixed rules, is far better suited to the kinds of global problems we face today”, Anne-Marie Slaughter argues. But implementation is key – and uncertain. (vwh/td)
Link: Der vollständige Munich Security Report 2016 (PDF)
Bildquelle: Kurt Michel / pixelio.de